|Frontiers in Robotics and AI, Volume 8, 2021.|
Recent advances in human motion sensing technologies and machine learning have enhanced the potential of Artificial Intelligence to improve our quality of life, increase productivity and reshape multiple industries, including cultural and creative industries. In order to achieve this goal, humans must remain at the center of Artificial Intelligence and AI should learn from humans and collaborate effectively with them. Human-Centred Artificial Intelligence (HAI) is expected to create new opportunities and challenges in the future, which cannot yet be foreseen. Any type of programmable entity (e.g., robots, computers, autonomous vehicles, drones, Internet of Things, etc.) will have different layers of perception and sophisticated HAI algorithms that will detect human intentions and behaviors and learn continuously from them. Thus, every single intelligent system will be able to capture human motions, analyze them, detect poses and recognize gestures and activities, including facial expressions and gaze, enabling natural collaboration with humans.