A Modular CNN-based Building Detector for Remote Sensing Images

D. Konstantinidis
V. Argyriou
T. Stathaki
N. Grammalidis
Computer Networks, Volume 168, p. 107034, 2020.


Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have resurged lately due to their state-of-the-art performance in various disciplines, such as computer vision, audio and text processing. However, CNNs have not been widely employed for remote sensing applications. In this paper, we propose a CNN architecture, named Modular-CNN, to improve the performance of building detectors that employ Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG) and Local Binary Patterns (LBP) in a remote sensing dataset. Additionally, we propose two improvements to increase the classification accuracy of Modular-CNN. The first improvement combines the power of raw and normalised features, while the second one concerns the Euler transformation of feature vectors. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed Modular-CNN and the novel improvements in remote sensing and other datasets in a comparative study with other state-of-the-art methods.