TenebrioVision: A Fully Annotated Dataset of Tenebrio Molitor Larvae Worms in a Controlled Environment for Accurate Small Object Detection and Segmentation

A. M. Papadopoulos
P. Melissas
A. Kastellos
P. Katranitsiotis
P. Zaparas
K. Stavridis
P. Daras
Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Pattern Recognition Applications and Methods ICPRAM - Volume 1


Tenebrio molitor worms have shown extreme nutritional benefits, as they contain useful natural compounds, making them worth as an alternative food source. It is beneficial for insect farms to have automated mechanisms that can detect these worms. Without an explicitly annotated dataset, the task of detecting tenebrio molitor worms remains challenging and underdeveloped. To address this issue, we introduce TenebrioVision, which is a fully annotated dataset, suitable for the detection and segmentation of tenebrio molitor larvae worms. The data acquisition is performed in a controlled environment. The dataset consists of 1,120 images, with a total of 53,600 worm instances. The 1,120 images are equally distributed on 14 distinct levels, each level containing a specific number of tenebrio monitor larvae worms. The dataset is validated in terms of mean average precision, memory allocation, and inference time, on several state-of-the-art baseline methods for both detection and segmentation purposes. The results unequivocally show that the detection and segmentation accuracy is high on both TenebrioVision and real farm images.